Advantages And Disadvantages Of Swift Programming Language

With the backing of Apple and IBM, Swift has seen rapid growth. It has a very active and vibrant user community and is the second most starred language on GitHub. With its short feedback loop, bugs and errors are easily identified and resolved. More importantly, its robust coding and typing system helps prevent code crashes. Another factor to consider is that this speed benefit will only improve over time as Swift becomes more robust.

Advantages of Swift

Objective-C is a distinct language which differs in syntax from other programming languages. Its memory management is more complex and has the legacy necessary to be understood by C and Smalltalk. In brief, Objective-C has a higher barrier for new developers because of complicated syntax and coding conditions. If you are deciding whether to learn Objective-C or Swift – choose Swift. It is highly recommended to learn Swift, as it is more logical, easier to read and understand, and tailored specifically for Apple’s hardware. A big part of making a choice between programming languages is your team’s experience and preferences.

Development Team

Founded in 2000, we create award-winning transformative digital products & platforms for startups and enterprises worldwide. Swift is also used to develop applications on the Linux platform. Moreover, in 2016, Google announced the possible release of an Android adapted language version, which will be a fundamentally new step in cross-platform solutions engineering. However, to make it happen it will take a lot of efforts from both sides. Apple should make Swift portable across different platforms and Google needs to adapt all it’s libraries to Swift and realize the support of this language for APIs as well as SDKs.

Advantages of Swift

It allows you to inherit all elements from Objective – C and take advantage of many latest features of Swift. As a result, the porting process becomes easier and less risky. Developers are continuously reviewing codes, finding an error or a bug and then fixing the bug to develop an optimized application.

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It first appeared on June 2, 2014 but is stable release date is April 21, 2017(3.1 version). On the other hand, Objective-C was launched about 33 years old and was basically a continuation of the C-language. Apple had to release it separately as it wasn’t ready to support the functionalities of Objective-C.

With a shorter feedback loop, Swift allows developers to easily identify bugs in their code and fix them immediately. The result is less time and effort, and a better chance of implementing high-quality code. Contrast this with Objective-C which is known for the complexity of the code and you can see why Swift has been growing in popularity. Data shows that Swift is significantly more concise than Objective-C and offers developers a way of replacing close to 70% of the code to achieve the same results.

Advantages of Swift

For instance, you don’t need to use parentheses for conditional expressions or semicolons to end lines. Swift uses a standard approach with lists and parameters within parentheses, separated by commas. Objective-C is built on top of C, therefore namespacing is required. All classes in an Objective-C program should be distinct worldwide. As a result, developers employ the practice of prefixing class names with ‘NS’ to avoid conflict.

Perhaps you will use Swift to create a flood of inexpensively developed apps that will be beneficial to your customers by using an expert outsourcing team. Being one of the most popular mobile platforms, iOS has been installed on 26.3% of all mobile devices. If you decide to develop your next mobile app for iOS, probably the most important decision you will make is to choose the proper technology stack for your product. It was released in 2014 by Apple as a replacement for Apple’s original programming language, Objective-C.

Developers loved the language for mobile development, and it became an official Android programming language. It’s also a general-purpose language that can run wherever Java can, including Linux, Windows, Mac OSX, and other operating systems. Before you choose a specific programming language, it’s important to consider the experience of your team and the specifications of your project. For example, if you have a set of developers adept in Objective-C, there’s no point trying to migrate to Swift. Objective-C was widely used in the iOS app development before the emergence of Swift. However, experts forecast that the programming language will not undergo frequent updates.

Just like C, Objective-C also requires developers to write to code files which is difficult to maintain. Swift, on the other hand, doesn’t require two separate files since its Xcode and the LLVM compiler does it automatically. Fewer developers – With newer, simpler alternatives available, many developers have stopped using the language and newcomers are refusing to learn an almost-obsolete language. Swift is still in its growing stage, and it is possible to witness more enhancements to the programming language. It is a rapidly developing language, which adds to its popularity.

This allows developers to speed up the development process and maintain a consistent experience for end-users. Swift and Objective-C are both great programming languages that offer great capabilities to iOS developers. It is not a discussion of the superiority of Swift over Objective-C. Both have their own abilities and shortcomings and developers use both languages in a syndicate to promise best results to the end-clients. Objective-C is a compiler-based language that emerged in the 1980s. After being acquired by Apple, it became the primary language for developing iOS and OSX apps.

Swift Memory Management

Problems can be fixed as code is written, which greatly reduces the amount of time and money that you will spend on fixing bugs related to pointer logic from Objective-C. Thanks to several key features, Swift has the potential to become the de-facto programming language for creating immersive, responsive, consumer-facing applications for years to come. But, this is not the case with the Swift programming language. Swift comes with an option to define the values as optional types or value types.

This is exciting yes, because it means as a developer you will be able to grow with the language. However, the drawback is that it’s true potential will not be fully realized for quite some time. This is because Apple made sure it was extremely easy to use and read. Not to mention, error-handling tools are built-in to the language. Swift language and Objective-C are compatible with each other.

  • Previously written in Objective-C, a programming language that dates back to the 1980s, Lyft is one example of an app that switched to Swift.
  • In Objective-C, ARC is supported within the Cocoa APIs and object-oriented code; it isn’t available, however, for procedural C code and APIs like Core Graphics.
  • Swift replaces the implementation file .m and header .h with a single code file — .swift.
  • Here, enumeration (‘enum’), which processes the Success and Failure outcomes, is used.
  • This framework can also handle edge cases if the developer defines specifications.

Static libraries are locked into the code when the program is compiled. Another negative to static libraries is that they do not automatically update, but are stuck in the version they were compiled. Since Swift is designed to replace C-based languages (C, C++, and Objective-C)-it is comparable to these languages in performance for most tasks. Moreover, the performance of this language is also predictable and stable, not just fast in short bursts that require subsequent cleanup.

The speed of coding influences the overall costs of app creation and shortens time-to-market. Despite both Objective-C and Swift being native languages for iOS, they’re not alike. The notable downside of Swift — it still does not support enough native libraries. Although memory management may help developers with dynamic libraries, missing out on native libraries can be a mistake. It obtained object syntax from Smalltalk and non-object-oriented syntax from the C language. And therefore, one of the features of the Objective-C programming language is that it is mature and tested by generations of developers.

Disadvantages Of Swift Programming Language

You can apply for software development and request a quote for your Swift project at Our experienced and highly qualified team will discuss your requirements in detail and create an application in the shortest possible time. Among the possibilities absent in Obj-C is the integration of open source dynamic libraries. Such libraries contain the ready solutions for routine tasks and allow decreasing of the size of applications, saving space in the memory of user devices.

Why Use Swift For Ios Native Development?

Swift, as a language is, was designed as a replacement for Objective-C, which is Apple’s earlier programming language. Thus, you may develop an Android application in Java or Kotlin, for example, and choose Swift and Objective-C for iOS only. Below there are the main benefits of cross-platform development. In native apps, complex functions such as VR, AI, IoT, and AR can be integrated quickly and seamlessly.

As we mentioned before, by and large, there is an incompatibility with third-party tools because of frequent updates causing the older tool compatibility to go defunct. The same problem lies with the native tools, making them highly dependent on third-party tools, leading to compatibility issues. Thanks to ARC – Automatic Reference Counting – Swift’s memory usage is well-managed, thus saving the coder the effort spent doing so manually. The recent updates, 5.0 and 5.1, have made Swift even more efficient, robust, and flexible. Let’s discuss the most striking features of Swift 5 to understand its efficiency. The point also is that Apple will not stop Swift development.

Swift is a simple, clean, and expressive language with the most uncomplicated syntax. Its virtue of being concise reduces the development time since a lesser volume of code can perform the same task as Objective-C used to perform with the lengthy code. Swift for iOS was introduced in 2014 at Apple’s Worldwide Developers Conference.

Since then, Swift has been a popular programming language for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS, and Linux. The language works with Cocoa and Cocoa Touch Frameworks and the existing Objective-C code for Apple products. The initial focus of Swift for iOS app development determines the selection of this language.

Second, if you plan to build an SDK, Objective-C is a better option. At last, it is better to use Objective-C if C or C++ third-party frameworks are used extensively in software. To sum it up, Objective-C, when compared to Swift, is a more outdated language and lacks modern tools and properties. Swift has many updates and ongoing growth plans, and the language receives great support from Apple. It is an easy-to-learn, secure, modern, and interactive programming language. Swift has simplified coding patterns as well as coding interface vs Objective-C.

What Should You Buildwith Swift?

Also, keep in mind that it’s open-source, so there are many more third-party sources for you to find. You should start with Apple service for developers and dedicated Swift webpage. Objective-C is almost as old as the hills, so your application will run on any version of iOS available. It means you need to analyze what devices your users have and decide if it’s ok for you to limit yourself to those with iPhones and iPads released after 2013. To be honest, there aren’t many people who still use devices as old as 7 years, so it shouldn’t be an issue.

The initial FFT implementation—a memory-bound algorithm with random access of large arrays—had a 2.6-fold performance improvement. To provide predictable behavior Swift triggers a runtime crash if a nil optional variable is used. This swift vs objective c crash provides consistent behavior, which eases the bug-fixing process because it forces the programmer to fix the issue right away. The Swift runtime crash will stop on the line of code where a nil optional variable has been used.

Disadvantages Of Working With Swift

3SKey can also be used within organisations, securing internal workflows and facilitating in-house approval processes. Treasury plays a crucial role in supporting financial objectives and informing strategic decisions. Having a deep understanding of the due diligence process in your software outsourcing project is more important than ever given the current economic state.

This framework can also handle edge cases if the developer defines specifications. Due to regular updates, it is difficult to find appropriate tools with Swift. Moreover, it is difficult to use external tools as Swift does not integrate well with IDEs. App developers frequently report problems related to syntax highlighting, autocompletion, refactoring and compilers.

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